Galicia (Bueu and Ribeira)
The main octopus’ fishery in Spain is the small-scale Octopus vulgaris trap fishery in Galicia; with around 670 active boats, more than 1,100 fishers (2016) and accounting for yearly average landings over 2,400 t and almost €15 million (2010-20), this is one of the most important small-scale fisheries in Spain. Despite of this, the fishery is experiencing a steady social decline, in line with the small-scale sector in Spain, with almost 4 boats less every year. Nevertheless, catches are more linked to the environmental conditions and the ecology of the species, varying from 1,000 to 4,000 t depending on the year (2010-20). The two main Galician ports are Ribeira (109 boats, 180 fishers, 360 t and €2.4 million per year) and Bueu (83 boats, 137 fishers, 215 t and €1.4 million per year), although O. vulgaris is sold in more than 35 auction markets along Galicia, showing this way its immense socioeconomic relevance in the region.